Home talk | How India’s new Elderly and Parental Welfare Bill will tax children

Parliament is the temple of democracy and parliamentary procedures the rituals through which the will of the people is translated into practice. But the terms and jargon involved in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha processes can be difficult to grasp. News18 series House Talk brings you a calculator ready to make sure none of this is Greek to you.

The Government will consider the Parents and Elderly Care and Welfare (Amendment) Bill 2019 during the ongoing Monsoon Session of Parliament. The bill is among the 24 bills likely to be taken up by Parliament.

The amendment to the bill was first introduced in December 2019 and aims to ensure the maintenance and welfare of parents and the elderly. “The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Elderly Persons (Amendment) Bill 2019 seeks to broaden the scope of the Act by amending the definitions of the terms ‘children’, ‘parents’, “maintenance”, “social assistance” and “elderly people”. , to enable parents and the elderly to lead dignified lives,” reads the text of the bill.

The amendment expands the scope of “parent” to include father or mother, whether biological, adoptive or step-parent, and includes step-father, step-mother and grandparents, whether whether or not they are elderly.

The bill also focuses on the definition of “maintenance” and “welfare”. According to the bill, “maintenance” includes the provision of food, clothing, shelter, safety and security, medical care, health care and treatment. “Well-being” encompasses food, security, housing, safety and security, health care, medical facilities and recreation, as well as the physical and mental well-being of parents and older people .

Other key aspects

The amendment also proposed to remove the restricted maximum limit of Rs 10,000 per month for maintenance, as prescribed by the main law. The law of 2007 had a ceiling not to exceed the alimony per month at Rs 10,000.

While the 2007 law required children to pay child support within 30 days of the court order, the current bill aims to reduce the time limit to 15 days.

The Amendment Bill also stipulates that those who abandon their parents will face a jail term of three to six months and will have to pay a fine of Rs 10,000 or both.

Challenges facing seniors and what is India doing?

Most of the problems faced by the elderly in India boil down to financial problems such as insufficient income and unemployment. Due to their physical condition, they face physiological trauma from malnutrition, health problems and unsanitary housing. The trauma of being alone is another difficulty they face.

On January 13, 1999, the government announced the National Policy on Older Persons in accordance with the United Nations General Assembly resolution to designate the year as the International Year of Older Persons.

India has more than 10 million elderly people, 5 million of whom are women, according to the 2011 census. Article 41 of the guiding principle of state policy says all states, within the limits of capacity and economic development, to guarantee the right to public assistance to the elderly.

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment helps provide pensions, travel waivers, tax relief, medical benefits and additional interest on savings to older people through an integrated scheme. The ministry also coordinates with other ministries to help implement other senior support programs.

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